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No. 248 and Frazer Field in Newark, Delaware: The Bolivia/Delaware Connection

   No. 248 is the number assigned to one of the participants in a Field Day excercise which took place on Friday, May 13, 1921 at Joe Frazer Field in Newark, Delware. I wanted to provide background information about the Joe Frazer Field which was dedicated by Joseph Heckart Frazer's parents and brother Stanley, on June 18, 1913.

  The following information was found in the Proceedings of the American Society of Civil Engineers, Volume 38, Part 1, pages 110-111. Joseph Heckart Frazer, son of Eben B. Frazer [and presumably his wife], was born in Port Deposit Maryland on September 30, 1882. He graduated from Delaware College, Newark De in 1903 with a B.C.E. Immediately after graduation, Frazer joined the Baltimore and Ohio Railroad comany as a topographer. Frazer worked in MD, PA, and WV until November of 1904.

  In 1905, Frazer became a transitman with the Bolivian Railway Company. He was also employed by the Bolivian government as part of a commission to study and map out railways. In 1905, he became the Chief Engineer of the Concordia Mine for the Andes Tin Company, where he layed out roads and helped erect an electrical transmission plant. 

  Frazer soon resigned from those positions to establish his own company with Mr. William Rumbold as his partner. The firm, Rumbold and Frazer, headquartered in Bolivia and received contracts to survey roads across the Andes, amongst other  endeavors. Unfortunately, Frazer developed pneumonia and died in La Paz, Bolivia on August 16, 1911, after being ill for 7 days. He was only 29 years old. The dedication of the Joe Frazer field allowed for many people, such as No. 248 E. Reynolds, to enjoy themselves on subsequent Field Days. HK, 11 July 2015

51 Coolest Trucks of All Time by Ben Stewart of Popular Mechanics (Link)

This link comes from Popular Mechanics. Compiled by Ben Stewart.

Recipe for Deviled Crabs from Cook Book from the Oley Valley

This handwritten recipe found tucked inside the "Cook Book from the Oley Valley" states that it was taken from [illegible] B. C. [Betty Crocker] July 75. If the images appear tiny on your browser, simply right click, open in new window or tab and you have a completely printable and savable recipe, courtesy from the good folks at Passed Time. 


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Recipe for BobbichWeck (Dutch Sticky Buns)



Yum. (If the image appears small, simply right click on it and open in a new window/tab for easier viewing)

The Beginning

So, over a year ago friends were talking with my husband Rolf and I about different ideas for web sites.  This process took quite some time.  We finally liked a site that would make history fun and bring in nostalgic items for people to share from their lives and experiences.  This sounded good then and it sounds even better today.  So many days and nights, thinking and wanting this to actually be seen by many people.  Then the site was put online and could be viewed by anyone. 

Once online, feedback came, quickly.  This is a great thing.  There was an idea put out there that the site is in need of pictures.  We have been through all my husband's photos.  Not completely sure we have anything that completely fits the need.  Then we go to Tennessee to see friends who have moved there in the last couple of years.  These friends have wanted us to see their new place, but until now the opportunity never did come along.  We walked into their home at 4:30 A.M. on a Monday morning.  Upon entry we look around and see the site.  The house has so many nostalgic items, they sell things at an antique shop, things that do not sell come back to the house.  These items show up everywhere in the house.  It is so beautiful.  After taking hundreds of photos, looking at some national parks and seeing the beauty that Tennesse has to offer, we come back to our home state of Delaware.  We have been enriched by this trip.  You will see many of the photos on the site and in this blog in particular.  Looking forward to showing everyone what we saw down there in Tennessee.  Will start the blog with a photo from the front door of our this beautiful home that we stayed in that beautiful state.












A Penney Investment

When I was a girl (more years ago than I want to disclose), I bought a little brown tablet from the local five-and-dime. It cost a penney, which probably put a strain on my budget at the time. While cleaning out some stuff recently, I ran across it and thought I could use its blank pages for grocery lists, reminders, etc.

My daughter and a friend saw me write in it and tear out my note to tuck in my purse. Both remarked how the tablet was a piece of old ephemera and should be saved. By that time, I had written in several pages and tore them out, but both my daughter and friend joked that they could double my money, so it would be a good return on my investment to put it out at a flea market. 

Had I not "abused" the tablet, which had printed on front a sailing ship, the word "Worldbound," and a large "1" with the abbreviation for cent, I began to wonder if my investment could be worth ten-fold or even one-hundred-fold my cost. I wondered if I doodled in it, would that make my investment better? Could I get $1 for the tablet "as is" or would I need to discount it because pages were missing? We deliberated about all that, but reached no conclusion.  

The upshot is that the return on my investment amounted to moments of fun. Financially, well, what can I say? I blew it.

Cathy Rieger


Never Seen Photos of The John F. Kennedy Family Up For Auction

    For a look at the photographs and some background information on Maud Shaw here is the link to a brief Washington Post Article. 

Never Seen Photos From John F. Kennedy's Nanny up for Auction by Nick Kirkpatrick and Lindsey Bever


   Here is a link to the auction house that is selling the photos (not endorsed by the good folks here at Passed Time, I just want to get the information out there to collectors)  Nate D. Sanders Online Auction. Bidding ends on June 25 5 pm Pacific

Nate D. Sanders Auction

Delaware Down Homers' Dover Dance December 25, 1923

   World War I had ended and the war weary world did not know what the future was to bring. In a somewhat gritty joint called the Audubon Ballroom in New York City, one woman was to dance her way to fame by wearing out 6 partners over a 27 hour period in 1923. By doing so, 32-year-old Alma Cummings won a world record. A record that was broken just a couple of days later by a French woman. It was soon reclaimed by Cummings and soon broken yet again. The challenge and the craze was on. Marathon dancing became all the rage.

   Did the marathon dance rage hit Dover, Delaware? This dance card says...possibly. The timing is perfect, for 1923 was when it all began again  (the reality is dance marathons have existed for centuries). Young people, and sometimes not so young, dancing their frustrations away, or taking a moment to just Was the Delaware Down Homers' Dover Dance a marathon or was it simply a Christmas dance to be enjoyed by all in Dover, Delaware?

     HK 23 June 2015 (to enlarge the picture simply right click and open in new tab. Draper is the name obscured by the glued string)

Dover Down Dancew

Meatloaf Recipe Found in 1933 Oley Valley Cook Book

    If you have read the article about this cook book, you know that this recipe came from a cook book with an 82 year lifespan, given that it was first printed in 1933. This meat loaf recipe was found tucked inside. Given that Passed Time is a history/nostalgia-based site, I wanted to learn a little more about one of the ingredients. If I could learn a little about Pepperidge Farm* herb seasoned filling, I might be able to pinpoint the date of the recipe. Interestingly enough, Pepperidge Farm was founded because of food allergens. The history parallels many criticisms on-going today of America's "processed food," a factor linked to the rise of allergies, obesity, and other health problems.  

     Margaret Rudkin was a Connecticut housewife who soon learned one of her children had an allergy to commercial breads because of the artificial fillers. In 1937, she began to experiment with her own bread and finally made a whole-wheat alternative for her family. Encouraged by not only her family, but the family's doctor, she began to sell the bread out of her kitchen to local stores. Pepperidge Farm was the name of her family's farm in Fairfield Connecticut.  

     In 1947,  decade later (after WWII and the rationing that accompanied it), Rudkin expanded the bakery by introducing dinner rolls, oatmeal breads, and stuffing. Rudkin always insisted upon taking the first bite, to ensure the food met with her standards. The following recipe is probably from the later 1940s or early 1950s. There is more on the company's history on the Pepperidge Farm website. If you happen to make the recipe, let us know how it turned out here on Passed Time. History Keeper, 23 June 2015

*This is not an endorsement of Pepperidge Farms. Although we would gladly sell them advertising space, they have not reached out to us. I simply found this recipe and got curious. HK


Pepperidge Farm recipewTo see the image Full Size, just pop it into a  new tab. (Highlight, then right click and click open in new tab) that should ensure you can see the recipe fully. If that doesn't work, feel free to contact me.

Author HistoryKeeper, currently lives in Dover, Delaware, with family, both two- and four-footed. I am a history enthusiast, who has great regard for the past and is especially proud of the Pennsylvania German culture. In addition to Passed Time, I am currently working on a project for the German Historical Institutes Immigrant Entrepreneurship: German-American Business Biographies ( I also contribute to various newsletters and I am working on another book...or two. Feel free to email me at for questions, comments, information, a shared love of history, an idea, or just because you want to share on Passed Time, but are too shy about getting started. But be aware, Files with Attachments will not be opened, but immediately deleted.





Silly Childhood Rhymes from Nanuet Autograph Book 1936

For those following the blog about the Nanuet Autogrpah book, these will be upcoming or you've already seen them. But for those interested  in Pre-War rhymes, here are a couple of beauts....Enjoy. Pat Earnest 16 June 2015


"Lots of Love and Lots of Kisses

Sometimes change firls name to Mrs."


"Alice is a little star

Riding on a trolley car

When a car goes off the track

Alice wants her nickel back."


This next one is signed by a boy. I don't think anyone will be surprised.

"Violets are blue

Roses are red

Someone is dead

and that is you"


"Humpty Dumpty in the sky

Humpty Dumpty learned to fly,

Humpty Dumpty caught in the rain,

and down he came in his airplane." 


My personal favorite is,

"When you get married

Don't marry a flirt

Marry a man who will wash his own shirt

and when you get a baby

and the baby cries

come over to my house

and have some apple pies."

I'll send more out later when I have time. Enjoy. Pat

Museum says missing Nazi submarine mystery solved

A Danish war museum says it found German U-boat U-3523 embedded on the sea floor, quashing years of speculation.



The Face of a Monster: America's Frankenstein

The Paperback of the The Face of a Monster: America's Frankenstein by Patricia Earnest Suter at Barnes & Noble. FREE Shipping on $25 or more!

USS Indianapolis wreckage found 72 years later - CNN Video

The remains of the USS Indianapolis, which delivered parts of the atomic bomb dropped on Hiroshima, and was later sunk by a Japanese submarine, have been found.


Gaming etc.


Top 5 Mistakes Made by Game Company Executives


Modern Tabletop Arcades


Ahead of Their Time: Discontinued Game Consoles


Andrew Kamal is an app developer, programmer, and inventor who loves writing about historical technology and old games. He can be found in his free time hugging pugs and debating people about which pizza topics are better.












Siberia: Medieval Mummies From Mystery Arctic Civilization Discovered in Zelenyy Yar Necropolis

Two medieval mummies from a mystery Arctic civilization have been discovered at the edge of Siberia. The remains of an adult and baby were found in the Zelenyy Yar necropolis, an archaeological complex first discovered in 1997, and were covered in copper-with the adult having been plated from head to


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Civil War Coloring Pages

Civil War Coloring Pages


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Library Company of Philadelphia

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A New Looking-Glass for the 1764 Pamphlet War




BibleRescue - Reuniting famly bibles with family

The family bible is a family's connection to the past and future. It connects an entire family across generations to their history, to their faith and provides an understanding of who their ancestors were. Family bibles often contain locks of hair, photographs, newspaper articles in addition to names, dates of birth, death and marriages.




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25rd Annual Art & Leisure Auction

Features “Flashback Friday” Theme


Fastnacht Day: February 28 at

York County History Center

Fastnacht Day will be celebrated at the York County History Center’s Historical Society Museum on Tuesday, February 28, 2017, from 9:30 a.m. – noon. The Friends of the History Center will serve fastnachts, coffee, tea and hot chocolate at the Museum, located at 250 E. Market Street, York.

This free event is held each year as the Friends’ “thank you” to the community for their support throughout the year. Fastnacht Day originated with Pennsylvania Germans on Shrove Tuesday, when all fat had to be removed from the home before Lent.

The Friends hold fundraising events all year to benefit the programs and exhibits of the History Center.


York County History Center Closed January 26-27, 2017



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Universal York Blog

Did colonial courthouse windows end up in the Dover area?

Jonathan Mifflin turns down York County post

York, Pa., really is the center of the universe, especially when you consider its place in historical events. Local historian June Lloyd looks at how things have converged on our hometown, past and present.





Historical Society of Pennsylvania

Pearl Harbor and the Erosion of Citizenship

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Lancaster Mennonite Historical Society | Preserving the culture of Mennonite-related faith communities in Lancaster County

Lancaster Mennonite Historical Society has added a new field trip to the 2016 schedule of events. Get a new view of historic sights in Lancaster and Lebanon with the upcoming field trip, "The Trail of Greenywalt's Boys."


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VALUE PACK – Books For Genealogists


Letterpress Printing Game

Windsor Historical Society

Windsor Historical Society - The museum, library, and historic houses explore 370 years of history in Connecticut's oldest English town


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American Antiquarian Society

About AAS The American Antiquarian Society is a national research library of American history and culture through 1876.more



Delaware Division of Historical and Cultural Affairs


African American History Month programs among 18 special events at the museums of the State of Delaware during February 2018


Delaware Division of Historical and Cultural Affairs to sponsor eight free programs during January 2018


Delaware Division of Historical and Cultural Affairs to sponsor 21 special programs during the 2017 winter-holiday season


“Doctor Who and William Penn” to be presented at Dover, Del.’s Old State House on Aug. 19, 2017


Newsletter of the Delaware Division of Historical and Cultural Affairs July 28, 2017 * Volume 10, Issue 7


Newsletter of the Delaware Division of Historical and Cultural Affairs June 29, 2017 * Volume 10, Issue 6



Online survey seeks public input regarding the preservation of historic places in Delaware


Newsletter of the Delaware Division of Historical and Cultural Affairs June 1, 2017 * Volume 10, Issue 5


Zwaanendael Maritime Celebration: “A Sailor’s Life for Me” in Lewes, Del. on May 27 and 28, 2017

Andrew British Sailor WWI


Newsletter of the Delaware Division of Historical and Cultural Affairs March 27, 2017 * Volume 10, Issue 3


Delaware Division of Historical and Cultural Affairs to sponsor 14 free programs during March 2017


New exhibit now open at Lewes, Del.’s Zwaanendael Museum


“Listen Up! African-American History” program Rescheduled


Newsletter of the Delaware Division of Historical and Cultural Affairs Jan. 31, 2017 * Volume 10, Issue 1


  African American History Month programs among 17 special events at the museums of the State of Delaware during February 2017











Virginia Tech was not the worst school massacre in U.S. history. This was.

That spring morning in 1927 could not have been more beautiful, one of the students would later recall. The Bath Consolidated School just outside East Lansing, Mich., was holding final exams, but before the morning bell rang on May 18, 1927, children ran and played outside. Peals of laughter could be heard.


WWII veteran's remains return home after missing 74 years

ATLANTA (AP) - More than 70 years ago, a U.S. Army plane dubbed "Hot as Hell" was headed for India on a supply mission. It never arrived, and no one went looking for the doomed aircraft or the eight men on board because military officials had no way of pinpointing where it went down.

Sword belonging to commander of black Civil War unit found

BOSTON (AP) - The sword that belonged to the commanding officer of the first all-black regiment raised in the North during the U.S. Civil War has been recovered after being lost to history for more than 150 years. The British-made sword carried into battle by Col.


'America's Frankenstein': Book to examine Philly's 'first mass murderer'

An upcoming book seeks to find the links between the fable of Frankenstein and a brutal Philadelphia mass murder that occurred nearly 50 years after the release of the famous novel. In "The Face of a Monster: America's Frankenstein," Delaware author Patricia Earnest Suter revisits the gruesome killings of eight people at the hands of Anton Probst in 1866.

Jaw-dropping discovery: Soldier's diary retells WWI horrors

Norman Gray, a fresh-faced 19-year-old was shipped off to France in 1914 to fight in World War I. Now his diary resurfaced, documenting the horrors of war.



Maria Tesch, 1850-1936 * - Kulturarv Östergötland

Östgötsk kulturhistoria. Uppgifter om arkiv, bibliotek, museer, hembygdsföreningar m.m.